What Are The Typologies Of Rural Tourism?

The importance acquired by rural tourism in recent decades has aroused interest in their knowledge, which has given way to numerous studies on the subject that, as one might expect, include proposals for rural tourism typologies.

In general, the different proposals refer the typologies of tourism that occur in the rural space and that to a certain degree, correspond to the definition described above on the term of Rural Tourism.

Adventure Trip

It is based on the use of the natural environment to produce sensations of discovery and adventure in its participants. The tourist participates actively in the knowledge of the local environment. This type of tourism has attached sports activities classified as risk (active tourism, risk tourism) such as rafting, climbing, paragliding, bungee jumping, 4×4, survival, orientation, canyoning, windsurfing, etc.

Sports Tourism

Rural tourism modality that is based on the development of special sports activities where the spectacle and the sensation of risk are fundamental. These are activities that are carried out outdoors, and away from the communication routes, whereas a general rule, the overnight stay is carried out in locations enabled for this purpose (camping, outdoor night, shelters, shelters). Some of these activities can be canoeing, skiing, hunting, fishing, sailing, motocross, etc.

Cultural Tourism

This type of tourism occurs in those rural centers that arouse tourist interest due to its rich historical-artistic heritage, based on the presence of important monuments, traditional architecture, unique festivals declared of cultural interest, presence of works of art, ethnographic museums, etc.

The main motivation of the tourist is the knowledge of the local culture, from all points of view: gastronomy, culture in general, traditions, celebrations, ways of life, architecture.

Event Tourism

It is a new rural tourism modality, which has traditionally been more linked to the urban environment. Although changes in demand, make event tourism leave the urban space towards the rural setting.

It refers to the organization of events of very diverse nature that result in the presence in the rural environment of tourists, which are usually motivated by the experience of a unique event in a place defined by special characteristics that distinguish it from another.

Within this typology, we can include religious tourism, tourism linked to the celebration of fairs, street food tour, tourism of historical events and commemorations, etc.

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